A recent investigation of individuals with autism who subsequently lost their diagnosis over time found evidence that these individuals were able to make such substantial gains in language and communication because they may have developed alternative pathways to process language in the brain. These exciting findings support the promise of a new project in the NDL, where we are using EEG to measure brain activity during language and cognitive tasks. This study will help us to learn how people with autism may process complex language and cognitive features differently and how underlying neural activity relates to observable language and cognitive profiles.